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Glossary for your Tuscan travels

Words you will hear or read during your trip to Tuscany:


Agriturismo: agriturism; farm holiday, rental of a gite in the countryside. Very popular in Tuscany.

Arno: river passing through Florence

Borgo: borough

Il Campo: major square in Siena


Il Campo in Siena

Il Campo in Siena

Cantina: a wine cellar

Cantuccini: hard biscuit from Tuscany made with roasted almonds. You also find them with chocolate and other flavors.

Castello: estate or castle

Chianti: wine and wine region in Tuscany

Chianti vineyards near Castellina in Chianti

Chianti vineyards near Castellina in Chianti


Chianti Classico: one of the most well-known Chianti wine and region

Chiesa: church

Crostinis: small toasted bread slices with olive oil topped with various spreads like olive, ham, cheese and veggies. Perfect for antipastis and apéros.

Duomo: cathedral

Enoteca: wine shop, wine restaurant

fortified castle in Monteriggioni

fortified castle in Monteriggioni


Fattoria: farm

Firenze: Florence, capital of Tuscany

Fortress: Rocca or Fortezza

Medici: rich Italian family from the 13th to the 18th century. Medici were bankers, political figures and popes. They were responsible for the beautiful Florentine Renaissance art and architecture.

Osteria: bar, restaurant for easy cooking

Amazing room in the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence

Amazing room in the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence

Palazzo: palace

Pasticceria: pastry shop

Piazza: city square

Pieve: church in the country side

Ponte: bridge


Ricciarelli from Siena

Ricciarelli from Siena


Ricciarelli: almond dessert in form of a lozenge topped with powdered sugar. Speciality from Siena

Ristorante: restaurant

Sala degustazione: wine tasting room

Trattoria: place to eat not as fancy as a ristorante but not as simple as an osteria

Vino di Tavola: table wine



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